Relapse is a return to drug- or alcohol-abusing behavior and may be particularly dangerous for the older adult population, as the risk for a fatal overdose may be high during a relapse. When someone abuses drugs or alcohol for a long time, body and brain chemistry adapts to certain levels of the substance, and a tolerance builds up. Detox removes these toxins from the body and https://ecosoberhouse.com/ helps to reset these chemical changes in the brain and body. When people then return to abusing drugs or alcohol at levels they may have been previously tolerant to, the body is not able to handle these amounts any longer, and overdose may occur. Recognizing when substance abuse is concerning is often the first step in getting necessary treatment for a drug or alcohol problem.
According to the CDC, alcohol was an underlying cause of death for 11,616 adults aged 65 and over in 2020. Although alcohol caused very few deaths in this age group, the rates have increased in recent years. In fact, the number of older adults dying from alcohol-related causes rose by 18.2 percent between 2019 substance abuse in older adults and 2020. Not long ago, a medical colleague referred a 67-year-old woman to me with mild depression, weakness, and complaints of short-term memory loss. She had turned to alcohol, self-medicating her grief, but it only worsened her mood and impaired her memory, typical of alcohol’s effects on the brain.
Benefits of Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment
It also goes into detail about different treatment options, whether they’re covered by Medicare, any eligibility criteria for Medicare payments and the cost of the treatment. The website provides or links to tips and tools on managing medicines, talking with providers, caring for oneself, staying organized, and other topics. It also has links to a hospital locator, health programs for veterans, long-term and community-based care, A-Z health topics, the National Center for PTSD, and the National Resource Directory. Among U.S. adults assessed for substance use treatment in 2019, past 30-day use of alcohol (35.8%) and multiple substances (32.6%) were most commonly reported, along with severe problems (e.g., psychiatric, medical, or family) across multiple biopsychosocial domains. Calls to our general hotline may be answered by private treatment providers.
Identification of problem use among older adults does not depend on the quantity and frequency of use but on the context in which substances are used. For example, older adults may experience extreme problems with alcohol even when ingesting it at minimal levels because of medical conditions, such as gout or pancreatitis. Although the terms at risk and problem use are extremely useful in settings such as primary care, they can pose difficulties in helping older adults access more formal treatment, as third-party payers often require formal SUD diagnoses to justify intensive or more lengthy treatments. Although the rates of SUD and use of drugs and alcohol are generally lower among older adults than the general population, aging itself presents specific risks for harm when considering even minimal amounts of substance use among older adults. Risk factors may vary considerably by substance and the specific clinical presentation of a patient (eg, age, medical comorbidities, current medications, and health history).
Substance Abuse Treatment Medications
As the baby boom generation ages, the health care system will be challenged to provide culturally competent services to this group, as they are a unique generation of older adults. Knowledge about older-adult substance use and the issues that contribute to late onset or maintained addiction in late life will need to be continually updated as we learn how and why this generation of adults uses substances. Because comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and personality disorders, are common and recognized among younger adults, it is assumed that these comorbidities also continue into late life. For example, older adults may be more likely to disclose depressive symptoms and present to primary care settings rather than mental health or substance abuse treatment settings. The second section addresses screening and assessment of alcohol misuse in older adults.
- This type of comprehensive care is generally recommended for people with severe or long-term addiction.
- It also goes into detail about different treatment options, whether they’re covered by Medicare, any eligibility criteria for Medicare payments and the cost of the treatment.
- Opioid medications work by attaching to the brain’s opioid receptors and interrupting pain signals.
The counselor then teaches Rose a relaxation exercise she can do before bed, and Rose practices it in the session. After exploring possible strategies to address her own health risks, Rose decides that she will stop drinking completely while she is taking the sleep medication and tell Ed why she can’t drink with him when they go out. The counselor supports Rose’s decision and suggests that one way she can help Ed is to find positive recreational activities that they can share without drinking. Rose becomes excited and says she can think of several things they can do together that they both enjoy without drinking, like going to lectures at the local senior adult education program. The program does not support use of labels such as “alcoholic,” which may benefit older adults who feel shame and fear discrimination or judgment because of having AUD.
The Dangers Of Substance Abuse In The Elderly
Helping clients deal with any mixed feelings they may have about changing their drinking. Use of alcohol to cope with sleep problems, depression, anxiety, stressful life events, or pain. Past and current amount and frequency of alcohol use (with attention to periods of binge drinking).
Caregivers may include a spouse or partner, adult children, siblings, or extended family members, friends, or neighbors. Caregivers may be family members or individuals significant to the older adult who might be involved in the older adult’s health decisions. Skills-based interventions focus on reducing health-related risks for alcohol use and continuing abstinence if the client decides that abstinence is the goal.
When used appropriately, these replacement opioids do not cause euphoria, but they do reduce or eliminate withdrawal symptoms. Faith may prove especially important for older adults in addiction treatment, as the majority of older U.S. adults are religious. For many people in addiction recovery, faith and spirituality play a crucial role in their path to sobriety.
These programs recognize that various demographics face specific challenges and stressors, and they provide treatment that addresses those issues. One of the most common forms of MAT is opioid replacement therapy, in which a doctor prescribes a long-acting opioid medication to replace the drug that the person currently uses. These types of therapy may mitigate the loneliness that older adults often experience. As loneliness is a common addiction trigger, group-based therapy modalities may serve as an effective form of relapse prevention. Often, outpatient rehab centers offer a “step down” approach, in which participants begin with PHP and gradually decrease the intensiveness of their treatment. During inpatient addiction care, participants remain at the treatment center for a period of time, often lasting between 30 and 90 days.